Tooth Decay in Australian Children

How to prevent tooth decay in children

The high quantities of sugar in food or drinks today and the build up of germs  tooth surfaces causes tooth decay.  Germs that live in the PLAQUE are just waiting to eat the sugary foods that you eat. Acids made by germs get into the tooth enamel and cause tooth decay.


The three steps to tooth decay

Typiclly the process of tooth decay in children can be divided into three main stages:

Stage 1: The acid dissolved the enamel making a small hole. This stage of tooth decay is not really painful and majority of patients do not ever report about this pain

Stage 2: The decay reaches the dentine and travels much faster due to the hole made in first stage. Once the decay start travelling within the tooth, the patient may start to feel toothache  and start to complain about pain.

Stage 3: This is the advance level and last stage of decay and very painful, at this point the decay has reached to the pulp or you can say “gum” where nerves and blood vessels are, and left unattended causes abscess.


A queensland dentist for emergency dental in brisbane CBD said the Australian institute of Health and Welfare conduct and child dental Health survey,  according to the statics about 50% Australian children has history of dental decay. According to research the some of the main causes of the dental decay in children are not only sugary products but there are number of other causes too which can easily cause dental decay:


  • Poor dental hygiene: The majority of parents ignore to wash baby teeth because they are temporary, it is true that baby teeth are temporary but you have to care about them equally as you do your own teeth. Poor baby teeth hygiene is one of the most common causes of tooth decay in children of 5 years. The food left in their teeth which feed the germs and help to made acid which causes dental decay.


  • Sippy cups: In the age of 3-4, the parents replace milk bottle with the sippy cup. They are made of plastic, which means they can pick up germs very easily, which inturn means that they can pass on the germs that can cause tooth decay.A better alternative instead of sippy cups, the parents should replace bottle with glass or if their kids become addicts to sippy cup (which is very common) then they should care about it in same way – like they do “milk bottle” they should sterilize sippy cups every time to protect their kids from germs and tooth decay.


  • Bottle: Another often overlooked cause of tooth decay in children is bottle decay. According to latest research the majority of dental decay in babies happened due to baby bottle because babies spend more time with bottle specially sleep with bottle and it take time to finish the sugary drink through bottle which means the sugary products stay with baby’s teeth too long which cause too decay.


  • A diet high in sugar: Huge quantities of sugar in foods kids love to eat, ice-cream, soft drinks, even juices is the food the bacteria that creates the acid that causes decay feeds on.


  • Lack of Fluoride: In queensland  emergency dentist brisbane says fluoride protects teeth and fight against tooth germs. A queensland emergency dentist brisbane stated the lack of fluoride in many water supplies, makes both adult and childrens teeth weak which cause dental decay. The sources to get fluoride are; toothpaste enhanced with fluoride, fluoridated water supplied and mouthwash.

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How to fight cold and flu

How to keep your family healthy during the cold and flu season

Flu usually strikes suddenly. Once contracted a person could suffer from headaches, body aches, dry cough and fever of 100 degree or more. Symptoms also include: chills, sweating, sore throat, runny nose and a sensitivity to fight while colds are highly contagious viruses that are less severe than flu. Adults get an average of two to four colds per year that may last for about one week. Common symptoms includes: congestion, scratchy throat, cough, runny nose and weakened senses of taste and smell.

Cold and flu may be two different infectious disease but they are both caused due to viruses and manifest in the same symptoms such as:-

  • Sneezingill with flu
  • itchy watery eyes
  • read eyes
  • sore throat
  • stuffy nose
  • tiredness
  • fever
  • headache
  • aches
  • Pain
  • Coughs

Cold and flu mostly happens in May to September in Australia that’s why these months are also known as cold and flu season.

By making some  little changes in your daily life during the cold and flu season you can easily keep your family healthy.

It does not require something new actually, but the same work routine paying just a little more attention to creating good hygienic habits.

When one family member gets the flu, it can quicly and easily spread to other and affect the entire family. Children are three time more likely than adults to contract the flue since they have developing immune system. More young children go to the hospital every year because of flu complications than any other vaccine preventable disease.

Following I am sharing some great ways to prevent your family from cold and flu and keep them healthy during the cold and flu season.

  1. Annual Vaccination: The first and most important step to keep your family healthy during the cold and flu season is to get annual vaccination. Find a location that offers flu vaccine in your area and ask about the types of flu vaccines and get vaccinated each and every year
  1. Healthy Hands: Wash your hands; wash them often with soap and warm water. Lather with soap for 30 seconds, rinse and dry your hands with clean towel or air dryer. Keep sanitize close. Use it often and tell children and those around you to do the same.
  1. Eat Healthy: People with slow immune system can be infected by cold and flu virus faster than any other. The best way to boost immune system is to eat healthy food which has maximum amount of vitamins and minerals like vegetables and fruits. Eating balanced meals can also a great way to strengthen immune system.
  1. Boost Immune System: A better and fast immune system means the speeds recovery from any type of illness. Your motive in cold and flu season should be to boost your and your family immune system. Eating health food is the only one ways to boost immune system. The other ways to boost immune system is to exercise daily, I am not asking to exercise hard, but little morning movement on daily bases can boost your immune system. According to studies, smile can also help to boost immune system.

Follow these simple tips and keep your family healthy during the cold and the flu season.

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